Some popular music genres have been referred to as "modernist" or "post-modern," however neither term has a very precise definition. For instance, according to Andrew Goodwin, a professor of cultural studies, "given the uncertainty of words, the identification of postmodern texts has stretched across an immensely varied, and nonsensical profusion of textual instances. Second, there are discussions concerning pastiche and authenticity in popular music. Within each of these two disciplines, "modernism" has a quite different meaning. This misunderstanding is evident in an early attempt to understand postmodern rock music. According to Goodwin, there are examples of modernism in. The word "modernism" appears to be used here as a synonym for the word "modern" when author Domenic Priore claims that "the concept of Modernism was bound up in the very construction of the Greater Los Angeles area, at a time when the city was just beginning to come into its own as an international, cultural center.